Imperial Cleaning

Abd Al-Malik (calife omeyyade)

Muhammad 'Abid - 3 s. Yahya al-Yahya - 2 s.

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Rock'n Roll , France. Voici une comédie qui court après l'autofiction! Dans son propre rôle, Guillaume Canet — également réalisateur ici — part à la poursuite de sa jeunesse.

Dans la lignée de Mon idole, sa première réalisation, mais en plus sage, ce Rock'n roll confronte son personnage, qui n'e Adapté d'une histoire vraie, racontée par Nadir Dendoune dans un récit autobiographique avec, pour toile de fond, le portrait d'une volonté de fer, voici un film au croisement de plusieurs genres. Adaptation de la bande dessinée de science-fiction au grand succès signée par le duo Gazzotti et Vehlmann, Seuls met en scène cinq jeunes, dont les peurs et les hésitations prennent véritablement forme, un jour: Et un monde nouveau, marqué par le danger et la survie, a remplacé celui qu'ils connaissaien Jour J , France.

La revoici avec une comédie portant sur l'infidélité, où elle incarne une organisatrice de mariages. Nicolas Duvauchelle, homme infidèle, va, en guise de mensonge, faire appel à Epouse-moi mon pote , France. Dans cette comédie française, Tarek Boudali, ici acteur et réalisateur, se marie civilement, pour raisons administratives, avec Philippe Lacheau. S'ensuit, pour ces deux acteurs stars des succès Babysitting et Alibi. Diversement reçu par les critiques, Epouse-moi mon pote a été un succès public avec 2,4 millions de spectateurs en sall À bras ouverts , France.

Après le mégasuccès Qu'est-ce qu'on a fait au bon Dieu? Pour une comédie à arrière-fon Inspiré par l'exemple du groupe musical Les Prêtres, l'humoriste Fabrice Eboué déjà acteur et réalisateur dans Case départ et Le Crocodile du Botswanga imagine l'histoire d'une formation musicale constituée d'un rabbin, d'un curé et d'un imam.

Le Brio , France. Dans cette comédie légèrement dramatique à arrière-plan social et politique, une élève brillante d'une université parisienne, ayant grandi dans une cité, et un professeur connu pour ses dérapages, essayent de préparer un concours d'éloquence ensemble. Majoritairement apprécié par les critiques, malgré un thème guère évident à traiter, Le Brio met fac Morte en , Dalida voit sa vie retracée par la réalisatrice des succès Comme t'y es belle!

Au menu, un nouveau visage pour incarner la célèbre chanteuse: L'Amant double , France. A mi-chemin entre le thriller sexuel et le drame romantique, il est annoncé comme Mon garçon , France. Après les grands succès Une hirondelle a fait le printemps, et Joyeux Noël, Christian Carion s'attaque à nouveau au domaine du polar, dans lequel il s'était déjà illustré, à l'occasion de L'Affaire Farewell.

On retrouve Guillaume Canet, en personnage hanté, perdu au coeur d'une intrigue de thriller, dans la neige des Alpes. Avec un parti-pris de Film sur les banlieues et cités françaises. Film d'épouvante-horreur à la française. Il était un rabbin et servait comme dayyan pendant plusieurs années à la Synagogues Espagnol et Portugais à Londres.

Son fils Moses Corcos était le grand- père de ma mère Algérie, Mogador, Deux fils a lui sont née de la première femme: Julia Brandon-Rodrigez, Londres , qui est décédée en Son fils Ernest Moses Corcos, né à Mogador, a continué sa tradition comme constructeur de la ville et plus tard il a servi comme un agent pour Lloyds.

Il vit encore la bas et il est le dernier descendant Corcos du Maroc. Son fils unique, Leon Robert est mort prématuré en , mais il a laissé deux fils qui vivent en France. Un autre fils de Yehuda Leon est Albert Corcos Mogador, qui a servi pendant des nombreuses années dans La Haute Commission des Nations Unis pour la représentation des réfugiés dans nombreux endroits autour du monde.

Le 2ème fils, de Moses , était Joseph Corcos, Mogador, NewYork, , il était un écrivain, historien et un rabbin de la congrégation Espagnole et Portugaise. Il a été envoyé à Salamanca, Espagne , pour approfondir ses études et il était ordonné rabbin en Angleterre en Beaucoup plus tard il a servi à Curacao et à New York et finalement il était Rabbin de la congrégation à Montréal, Canada. Il a écrit des articles, a traduit la loi juive et il était aussi un poète. Une des personnalités de cette branche est Lucille, New York, , peintre très connu et illustratrice de livre aux Etats-Unis.

Stella est venu à Mogador avec son marie en Le sultan permis la construction de maisons en dehors des murs du Mellah. Cet événement a été rapporté dans: Les fils de Moses et Stella étaient des citoyens anglais: Abraham, Bertie , Mogador, Casablanca, , a combattu dans la première guerre mondiale en Turquie à Gallipoli. Il a été blessé et mal gazé. Dans les deux guerres, il a reçu des lettres de commendation.

Nous étions des enfants quand nous sommes arrive en sIsraël et ont reçu notre éducation ici. Sidney, zoologiste et muséologist est le directeur du musée Natural History Museum à Jérusalem, ses enfants sont: Keren, Jérusalem, et David, Jérusalem, Daniel, Jérusalem, et Roni, Jérusalem, Saadi 2nd Saadian dyn. Colonel Maurice Bagenal St. Leger Keatinge, and reproduced in: Notre Persécution Politique en Suisse.

Audience publique du Sultan Sidi Mohammad IV ben Abderrahman al-Aji à la ville de Fès en november 23, , ou il a reçu la délégation Britannique de Tanger, représenté par John Drummond-Hay et accompagnée par son équipe et sa famille. Dans les pages , il a mentionné: Pennell, Morocco since , p. Et il a remarqué: En plus de ça, en des trésors minière ont était découvert à Tetouan. En décembre , Moses Montefiore , le beau frère de N. Lui même il avait des neveux et des cousins à Mogador Essaouira.

Au début, quelques un ont était financiers par la richesse venu des Nobles Princes Chérifiens Al-Aji. Le possesseur de tout. Depuis , la Suisse était impliquée dans toutes les affaires importantes du Maroc.

Il était signé par: John Adams et Thomas Jefferson , et son effet continue depuis le ? Pour plus de recherche voyez: Sultan Haj Abderrahman ben Mohammad ben Abdallah ben Ismail al-Aji entouré par ses garde du corps et ses officiers principales.

Il sortait de son palais à Meknès, mars 23, Pour une explication sur la différence de noms voyez:. Alaoui Abderrahman ben Mohammad ben. Abderrahman a eu plusieurs fils, que j'ai pu nommer: Les français ont guidé un chef résistant, Abd al-Qadir, au Maroc, et le sultan a supporté le héros musulman en public. Ils ont été déroué par 11, troupeaux français. Pennell, Morocco sinces , p. Ses marchants devraient juste continuer à acheter de la marchandise dont le pays avait besoin et faire des affaires avec les Européens.

En plus, certain entre ses Tajar Assoltane travaillait en même temps pour des pays étrangers en fonction de Consul. Ainsi, ils sont devenu des protégées des puissances étrangères!!! C'est claire que dans de telles circonstances ses Tajar Assoltane avait que leur futures intérêts en vue et certainement ne protéger pas les intérêts du Sultanat. Dans la même phase une autre forme de revenus était créée, par exemple: Par contre, ils vous ont fait croire que les inscriptions sur les portes de Meknès et Essaouira se lisent:.

Ils vous enseignent cela juste pour une raison: Construite par le Sharif Ismail. Porte de la Marine voir partie III. Therefore, Cornut was never a prisoner nor did he ever convert from Christianity to Islam in order to become Ahmed the Renegade - the so-called! Fact is, the Sharif received him with all honours due to a great artist and entrusted him with the realization of the new city. Cornut, l'Avignonnais, worked three years on constructing the port and the Kasbah, its original plan being preserved at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.

It seems that the second part of the construction Medina etc. The Sharif not wishing to prolong their collaboration as he reproached the French to be to expensive and to have worked for the British enemy.

Des interviews variés faite avec M. Ahmed Rami et Prof. Deux docteurs Suisses ont convaincu le roi Mohammad V de faire une simple opération du nez, laquelle se pourait être faite juste au palais. Cette opération a été faite le Jean-Pierre Taillens , Lausanne et le Dr.

Pennell, Morocco, from Empire to Independence ; page Abdelilah Bouasria; chercheur en politique, Wash. Robert Assaraf, un historien juif - marocain, Paris. Glaoui été connu de collaborer avec les Français toujours en soignant précieusement ses propres ambitions politiques.

Dar El Glaoui; El Glaoui: The pasha of Marrakesh. Genève, Bâle, Berne, Zurich et de la Thurgovie , en relation avec: Londres, Israël, New York et récemment le Maroc. Donc, en lisant le livre du Prof. A ma surprise, la plupart de ses noms peuvent être trouvées à Genève, Londres, Israël, New-York, etc. Schroeter, Merchants of Essaouira, p. Abitbol, Amar et, en Israël: Pour reference sur Rabbin Coriat: James Richardson, Travels in Morocco , , p.

The Shining Example of the House of Saud. Zionisten-Congress in Basel August , Officielles Protocoll, Wien, Verlag des Vereines "Erez Israel". History of Events, The Forgotten Refugees; Historical Timeline. Studienkreis für Tourismus e. He was the last Pharaoh to have been mentioned by name on monuments in Upper and Lower Egypt. He assumed the throne in ca. Pharaoh Ay , pulling papyrus, 13th dynasty.

His action demonstrates that the papyrus was to become writing paper for education. At this period the Pharaoh was considered a God. Sinai as H agar. Min as a lunar deity was sometimes given the title:. Biffault notes that the Moon as a deity is in its ancient form male, the male nature complementing the natural moon-related cycle of female fertility. Although he was the patron deity of two specific cities of the Sumerian empire, Ur in the South and Harran in the far North, his worship is astral and cross-cultural.

From about B. Harran continued an evolving tradition of Moon God worship. As described by Ezekiel Harran female dress was essentially unchanged from 4th c. Temple and relief figure with frock coat - Sumatar Harabesi. The statues show inscriptions to Sin. No matter how hard he tried, he never received a satisfactory answer from his father about how he could worship something that he himself had made. Feeling dissatisfied, Ibrahim began talking about this with his friends.

This caused his father to worry about his business and, of course, his son. Finally, he destroyed all the statues, except the main one. When people asked him who had done such a thing, he told them to ask the surviving statue. However, he could not associate their waxing and waning as belonging to the Creator.

Finally he dedicated himself to worshipping the Creator of the heavens and Earth, to rejecting all idol worshippers and to becoming a hanif meaning: When he began to spread this new idea among his people, he encountered opposition and persecution. Hence she is the wife of Abraham and future mother of Ismail.

Arabic translation for Hajar is Stone. The Hijira or "sudden departure" although applied to the events following A. The Origin of Sin 3: The Lunar Passion and the Daughters of Allah. Paul uses Hagar as a symbol for the bondage of the Old Law. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Possessor of the Throne , [God], as one to be obeyed or: Pharaoh means God, and not possessor.

Abraham believed in one God. History tells us that he had came from Ur. Therefore, Abraham must have benefited from reading, writing and mathematics skills, and probably through his forefathers teaching he must have became a respectful tribal chieftain and a successful trade merchant.

Now as an immigrant to Egypt he wanted to be admitted to live in peace within Egypt and or within the surrounding territories. At first everything must have worked out well for Abraham as through his marriage with Hajar he was no longer regarded as an immigrant but as a respectable person in Egypt.

However, experience teaches us likewise that whenever something is not based on honesty it most likely will not last. It is said that one day Abraham took his two wives and left from Egypt. The Torah, the Bible and the Koran tell us that Abraham returned to the Hijaz in order to help Ismail restore an ancient sanctuary which he had found within his new Kingdom. In doing so he clearly followed his forefathers tradition of the.

At the time of prophet Abraham and Ismail. Ismail maintained his title and the tradition of his forefathers as: High Priest, father of the God.

Religious Traditions and Circumcisions of the Pharaohs. Just when and why circumcision was first practiced in the ancient Near East is not known, but it was widely attested in antiquity. Bodies from B. Ancient Egyptian art, on those occasions when the genitals of Egyptian males were depicted, provide evidence of male circumcision. For example, the carpenter portrayed in the 6th dynasty, B. Tomb at Saqqara, 6th dynasty, B.

Tomb on Ankh-ma-Hor at Saqquara, 6th dynasty. The Abrahamic convenant, invented by priests, transformed circumcision from an ethic convenant into a theological divinely ordained legal requirement. It is not a puberty rite nor a pre-marital ritual.

It is a covenantal sign to be inflicted on infant males on the eight day after birth to signify their inclusion in the divine promises. Failure to circumcise or be circumcised marks a breach of the covenant. The story concludes with the year-old Abraham circumcising himself, his son Ismail, who was 13 years old, and all male members of his extended household. Larue, Religious Traditions and Circumcision.

God made a contract with Abraham on circumcision. Abraham was not circumcised before going to and after returning from Egypt. This is Zemzem near Mecca. Father, my heart goes out to Hagar. She has suffered slavery, jealousy, mistreatment, and yet you see her and have a plan for her life. Lord, you have a plan for my life, too, and for the lives of my brothers and sisters. Help me to be willing to submit to whatever situation you call me to. Through the Torah, Bible and the Koran we all are aware of the descendants of the Kingdoms of the Hijaz from the time of Ismail to Jesus to the time of the Prophet Mohammad.

Adnan is the direct descendant of Ismail. Changes in Styles, Characters and Pronunciation of Letters. Ay became in D: Command your companion's al-Aji and al -Thalj. The al-Ajj is to raise your voice in pronouncing the Talbiyah Laabik Allahumma Labbaik out loud, while the al -Thalj is to slaughter an animal on the day of Eid. Forty Hadith of Hajj. Overseer of the Kaabah before Islam: One of the last holders of the Kaabah before Islam was Amr ibn Hicham , better known by his nickname as:.

Abi or Abu is the same: Therefore, Abi means the same as Aji because the origin of the word has its roots in Egypt , is a title and hence is to be translated as:. Within the early years of Islam and after we found many Aji descendants throughout the world. The life and religion of the Pre-Islamic Arabs, especially in the Hijaz, depended on trade and they made a trade of their religion as well.

This was one of the chief deities of the Quraysh before Islam. Hubal, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Memoir of the author by Henry T. Prinsep, London, , v. Hindu Coins-First Kanauj Series, pg. Pillar of Javanese house Forty Hadith of Hajj ; 03 - Talbiyah and the Sacrifice. Command your companion's al-Ajj and al -Thalj.

The al-Ajj is to raise your voice in pronouncing the Talbiyah Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik out loud, while the al -Thalj is to slaughter an animal on the day of Eid. It all goes back to AD The origin of the rift was a dynastic dispute, between supporters of the Prophet's family, represented by Aji, and the Prophet's companions, He mentioned in Chapter One Karbala the following: Arrival of Sharif Idriss to the Maghreb.

He brought his title Aji with him from the Hijaz. He died in A. I, Paris ; in Arabic see: Extraits du Kitab al-Ansab, pg. Aji reappears as ruler and founder of the Indonesian kingdom. The title Aji is still in use today. Malay Kingdom in Indonesia, see: Reverend Monarch , a title said to be of Sanskrit origin. The dynasty changed in the s but the title is still in use today. In the 12th c. This was the era when Aji lords such as Mochidzuki and Amawari were active and later became lord of Katsuren Castle.

Once again the title of Aji reappears during the 17thth c. Amir, our commander, our ruler, our Imam obligation: My forefathers saga, the holders of the title al Aji began with Idris and continued with his son the founder of Fès. Photo taken by Mr. According to photo records received, the missing panel on your left was already missing in The Panel above the gate entrance contains a poem which is published by H.

Bulletin archéologique, , p. Courtesy of Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris. Adolph von Conring Berlin, , in: He had died in A. In order to commemorate his brother Sharif Sidi Muhammad III dedicated the inscription in his and his brother's name and title.

Besides, in Arabic - the term " servant " is only referring, or is to be translated as: Hans Peter Schaefer, Köln. La racine du mot "Laalaj". However, many of their inscriptions which included the title of: Was said by a Pharaoh about years before Moses. This article is intended as a reply to all those who call the Arabs pagans.

This they neglect to do although they know before hand that it might risk to end up in a catastrophe due to provocation and lack of knowledge. One can but wonder why they let it happen anyway??????? Therefore, I urge all the Arabs - Christians, Moslems and Jews - do not let yourselves be provoked by this group's expression that your ancestors were pagans because this is simply misleading.

Please remember that Abraham, Ismail, Jesus, as well as prophet Muhammad himself peace and blessings be upon them were of Arab descent and all together condemned idol worshipping and taught us to believe in only one mighty God for all. As of today, the oldest idol found is recorded to be from: Martin Kuckenburg, Als der Mensch zum Schöpfer wurde.

An den Wurzeln der Kultur, Stuttgart, , Abb. Here we take a minute to reflect on the means, purpose and use of idols which was a common practice throughout all the world since the beginning of time and as we will see was definitely not practiced by Arabs alone.

We further have ample records of various types and styles of idols which were made in different periods throughout the world. This is why I must stop here and return to our main subject, idols of Arabia. During 's of years people were living in different regions and amongst different tribes within the vast land of the Middle East and North Africa. They were mostly nomads, constantly travelling within the vast land as herdsman, merchants or shepherds.

As today, they were confronted by many economical hardships droughts and political disturbances wars between countries or tribes which as today created many Muhajir refugees. Naturally, all these Muhajir's brought with them their old political and religious cultures when settling within new countries or tribes. This resulted in a huge mix of different people following various religious believes. This phenomenon was especially noticeable within big cities because, some of these Muhajir's opened their own small temples, chapels, shrines etc.

So, once the Quraishy trade caravan had arrived to one of these distant countries, as for example to Mesopotamia, they found themselves within a new trade possibility amongst their own - the trade of idols. Further, in ancient times the trade of idols was heavily influenced by the believe in "protection" and "religious identity", especially since according to myths - that if an individual owned one or the other idol - he or she could be prevented from harm, misfortune, sickness, or - the idol was to bring him or her prosperity, health, fertility and etc.

Therefore, it should be clear that the trade of idols was too, a flourishing business throughout the entire region and hence was also used for political and religious purposes, as well as for prestige. Today the same is true for a Palestinian refugee living in London who placed a picture of the al-Aqsa Mosque in his house, or - with regards to a Moslem who placed the pictured word of Allah in his house, or - with regards to a carved statue of the Christ placed in the house of a British citizen who lives in the middle of Africa, or - with regards to a Menorah placed within a shop, house or synagogue of a Jewish citizen living in Europe, they all claim and insist that this gives them comfort and protection.

There is absolutely no harm in this believe as long as it's purpose is aimed for the good and above all enforces the believe into one mighty God for all as taught to us by Abraham, Ismail, Jesus and prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon them - then, it's their freedom to do so. Let us return to the Kaabah. In Pre-Islamic times the Kaabah was also an international gathering point for merchants who passed through the Hijaz with their trade caravans.

While entering through the Meccan gate one first stopped to pay his respect and then set forth to go about his business, or took a short rest and or joined into discussions with other persons and followers who believed in one mighty God.

But most important is the fact that at the time, everybody who believed in the mighty God had the right to enter the Kaabah. It is also true that in time of need the Kaabah was there to offer shelter and refuge to people in need. Once again, at the time it did not matter who or from where the people came from - the Kaabah's duty was to help.

One can but imagine how many persons arrived from all these distant countries and tribes to this holy house of God. Logically this fact should also let us understand why there were so many different idols placed in and on the Kaabah. However, in early days these idols were merely a kind of gifts, an offering to the Kaabah, meant as a kind of thank you - while other persons might have left a sheep, salt, sugar or other goods for the Kaabah - well, whatever one wished to share.

Today, similar gestures are still practiced within churches - by people giving a little money and light a candle. According to scholars, the Kaabah's main idol was Hubal and that he was carved out of red agate. Please note that this incident took place around years before the birth of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh.

So, when Amr ibn Luh'ay entered with his caravan through the Meccan gate he naturally went first to the holy house of God in order to pay his respect and at the same time placed Hubal there.

This was a gift worthy of a king and at the time brought lots of pride and prestige to the Kaabah. But it is also possible to visualize that Amr ibn Luh'ay undertook this trip for two reasons. Firstly, to advanture for new trade possibilities and secondly, to use the occasion to visit Abraham's his forefather's birthplace.

If this visit did in fact happen, then such an impressive trade caravan would not have remained unnoticed. The local chieftains must have sent out for Amr ibn Luh'ay and ask him to come and join them. Once there, he most likely told them from where he had come from and why. When the chieftains learned of his noble descent they naturally would take him to see the temple of one of their most precious idols, Hubal.

Let us remember that Hubal was said to have been carved out of red agate. We also must be aware that at the time this kind of stone was rather rare but especially so when of large size and therefore most valuable.

This is why an idol carved out in red agate was more than just an idol - it was their patrimoine. And with regards to the broken arm - well, perhaps it was the idol which was spared by Abraham from being destroyed! Having the noble descendant and chieftain of the holy house of God amongst them, it could be possible that the local chieftains entrusted the chieftain Amr ibn Luh'ay to take Hubal and to place him in the Kaabah. Hence, an ancient patrimoine could remind the descendants of Abraham of their forefather's origin, while back in Mesopotamia, the local citizen were assured to be represented by Hubal within one of the most holy houses of God and further were automatically protected by the descendants of the kingdom of Hijaz as both were linked to Abraham.

He did so because the Kaabah turned to be used for business and monopoly rather than for education and worship. Once again the followers had distant themselves from the right path.

They had abolished and forgotten the right ways of life. Therefore, prophet Muhammad pbuh went and did just as Abraham had done before him. Through the Torah, the Bible and the Koran we are told of another similar matter which had taken place in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus - Jesus throwing out their businesses and their idols from within the holy house of God. Abraham who went to the temple and destroyed all the idols except for one and afterwards had to leave his father's house, and prophet Muhammad pbuh who repeated the same at the Kaabah.

A simple repeat of history or a warning from God!??? Some are inscribed in Sanskrit, some are even engraved with a cross, there are also various inscriptions on the walls in Aramaic, Greek, Latin, Arabic etc.! Through this act prophet Muhammad pbuh liberated the people, so the people. He, the prophet Muhammad pbuh gave them freedom. Later, prophet Muhammad pbuh performed the Haj and ever since, every Moslem, women and men can perform and follow their Islamic religious call.

However, we must remember that in those particular times, as well as during the ten-thousands of years prior to Pre-Islamic times, people had idols. Nowadays people collect idols for various purposes as for, research, knowledge, history, prestige, as well as to improve a better understanding between people of different cultural backgrounds.

Here we invite you to see some of our idols. Some of them were sold in the past to museums, religious institutions as well as to private collectors. At first, the reader must be aware that in Section 1: IV were strictly forbidden by law Sharia. Further, it was impossible for any artist to see a Sharif on his own. However, when a Foreign Delegations was received at the Sharifian Court, then such a delegation was sometimes accompanied by an artist, example: During such an occasions the accompanying artist had, but a brief glance at the Sharif from far distance.

All of what the artist saw he had to absorb and memorise in his head as otherwise he would have taken an enormous risk by making a sketch on the spot. The very same law was applicable for the minting of Islamic coins. But as the Sharifians were "exchanged" the rules started to change. Hence, today the portraits of the rulers are on the currencies and the portraits of the rulers are on display as well. This old established law on portraits was written with good intentions in order to prevent another kind of worship.

This rule however, opened the way for the future occupier to fabricate history. This drawing was made by a talented artist blessed with a photographic memory. Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Histoire des conquestes de Mouley Archy, connu sous le nom de Roy de Tafilet, et de Mouley Ismaël ou Seméin, son frère, et son successeur à présent Regnant.

Avec une carte du Païs In Gerhard Rohlfs - Gesammelte Werke: Gesandtschaften von und nach Marokko. Der Sultan erscheint auf einem schneeweissen, reich aufgeschirrten Hengst, das einemal hat er einen Litham Schleier vor, das anderemal ist er entschleiert. Tangier American Legation Museum Society.

Sidi Muhammad's eye problem. This was recorded by several Europeans in addition to American Thomas Barclay. Drawing by Colonel Maurice Bagenal St. For references by Mrs. Sharif Abderrahman ben Muhammad al-Aji. Further information still pending. Toulouse, Musée des Augustins.

Delacroix, paintings, and politics at the Salon of The country, is in a more wretched state of anarchy London, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Chapter 8 page Some of these 17th - 19th c.

For further references see: Edward Said - On Orientalism , Second: The other reason was a military one. As Europe's kingdoms were once again in a desperate need to put their hands on other countries wealth and belongings they had to create a propaganda of fear with drawings in order to convince their citizens to take-up the arms against the Sharifian rulers.

Another way was in demonstrating- or use of military force. Through such acts of force Europeans let the Sharif understand that he was well advised by simply signing Europe's new trade agreements favourable to Europe or risk to be occupied.

Similar situations you still witness in the case of Palestine, Iraq, Africa and etc. He constructed his capital in the city of Meknes. During his 55 year reign, Jews were protected from violence. Daluin, par l'Empereur du Maroc à Rabat, dimanche le 4 décembre à 10 heures. Le tableau a été peint par le peintre Félix Augustin Milius, Tanger , size: And in the " Gibraltar Chronicle , December 12, we read: The Sultan is still here, and has now been visited by most of the Representatives of the European Powers who ordinarily reside at Tangier.

The Ministers and diplomatic agents of England, France, Spain, Italy and Belgium have made their appearance at the Sultan's Court, or we should rather say, his camp Nineteenth-century engraving showing the Sultan of Morocco receiving Sir Moses Montefiore in the courtyard of his palace at Marrakech.

By Michael Palomino in: On matters regarding a decree dahir we received the following information: They simply stamped their seal which bears their name and the "prayer". As for this original dahir - we been unable to locate its whereabouts! Sephardi And Middle Eastern Jewries. History and Culture in the Modern Era. Schroeter and Joseph Chetrit , page The challenge to the dhimma system is best symbolized by the visit of Moses Montefiore to Morocco in Montefiore went to the court of Sultan Mawlay Abd ar-Rahman in Marrakech and through the backing of the British government Esquisse historique du tapis marocains: En , le Sultan Moulay Abderrahman envoie, avec un célèbre commerçant de Fès, à la deuxième exposition universelle de Paris, "tout ce qu'il y a de mieux Cet article est paru dans "Du signe à l'image" , le tapis marocain by Prof.

Ali Amahan; Edition Lak international; who told that he took this information from a book written by Prof. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The name menara derives from the pavillon with its small green pyramid roof menzeh. The pavillon was built during the 16th century Saadi dynasty and renovated in by Sultan Abderrahmane of Morocco, who used to stay here in summertime.

The pavillon and the great water reservoir were built by Saadian Sultan Abd er Rahman in For further informations on how artists solved their problems in "Orient-Malerei" you may like to read the following article in:.

Professeur Pierre Rousseau confirme que tous ces portraits ont été réalisés durant le 20e siècle par V. Zveg et se trouvent au Palais Royal de Rabat.

Ces tableaux figurent dans les livres de Daniel Eustache 3. All above reproduced so-called "Alawi Dynasty paintings" section 2 are belonging to a series of 20th century portraits made for the Mausoleum of Sidi Muhammad V, construction from: A copy of such a product or rather, a falsification of documents is: The very same fake was likewise used in Tanger: Porte entre Deux Mondes by Prof.

Jean-Louis Miège, a F-historian and expert in Moroccan history; b. Today, the artist name is known to be V. What a shameful thing to do! You, the historians, knowledgeable and highly regarded scholars and experts in Arabian history, religion, law and culture, are now educating your students and citizens that all these above forged portraits are the true portraits of the individual Sharif.

Sidi Muhammad's eye problem was mentioned by several Europeans in addition to American Thomas Barclay. Un chargé d'affaires au Maroc: La correspondence du consul Louis Chénier, Pierre Grillon, editor Paris, S. From a visage naturally long, and a distortion of one eye, united with an acqired habit of austerity, his appearance at first was rather disgusting to strangers; but that impression was soon worn off by the affability of his conversation..

Thomas Barclay in described the sultan's appearance as "He is of a middle Stature, inclining to fat, and has a remarkable cast in his right eye which looks blacker than the other". Roberts and Richard S. This work first appeared in Hebrew in , an account of the author's four years in Morocco from It was translated by Yedida K. Stillman and Norman A.

His eyes are like burning torches, and his voice is powerful". We thank Priscilla H. Roberts for these references. Only, - why is there such an urgency in doing such a thing? Well, the answer to this question you may find within the following explanation: Granville enclosed the Queen's letter of accreditation, and Hay was instructed to present it to the Sultan as soon as convenient.

After his return to Tangier Drummond-Hay wrote to Lord Granville on 18 May , saying that during his visit to Court he had judged it wise to make friends with Sidi Moussa.

Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Chapter 8 page Sidi Moussa was succeeded, when he died in , by his son Ba Ahmed ben Moussa.

Morocco since by C. Alawi Arabic are a sect akin to Shi'ite Islam in Syria. The Alawi are not to be confused with Alevi. The question of whether or not Alawi are Muslims is disputed. Alawites are a minority but they are politically powerful today. The clan of the ruling Assad family is Alawi or Alawite and under their rule, the Alawi were legitimized officially as Muslims. Alawi were possibly originally Nusayriya, an off-shoot sect of Twelver Shiites that split off in the 9th century.

The sect may have been organized by a follower of Ibn Nusayr's, al-Khasibi, who died in Aleppo in about Al-Tabarani, a grandson of al-Khasibi moved to Latakia on the Syrian coast. There he gathered a following and converted much of the local population.

Under the French mandate, Alawi and other minorities got autonomy and were accepted as colonial troops. Many Alawite chieftains opted for a separate Alawite nation and tried to convert their autonomy into independence. An Alawite territory was created in , and in May , the Government of Latakia was created.

It was incorporated into Syria on February 28, This has been a source of bitterness for Syrians and Alawites in particular. Zaki al-Arsuzi, a young Alawite leader from Antioch in Iskandrun later named the Hatay by the Turks who led the resistance to the annexation of Alexandretta to the Turks, later became one of the founders of the Ba'ath Party.

Alawite followers of Sulayman al-Murshid tried to resist integration. However, you should be aware that there is is a dispute as there are about many points as to whether the Alawi are or are not related to the Alevi in Turkey. About half the sources I have consulted are quite confident that they the same sect, and the other half are quite sure they are not. Sorry, Arte was unable to give us the right to publish these three photos.

Nonetheless, thanks to YouTube you can see the part mentioned here for yourself - see below. These three clips are from episode 1 of the French movie "Revivre" aka "Milch und Honig". Here we see and hear a group of Jewish-Moroccan citizens rehearsing their religious practises while some wear the red Tarboosh.

Despicable war crimes were committed against my forefathers, the Sharifian Sultanate, in which Swiss military regiments actively participated in and this at least since Naturally, the Swiss government would not have involved herself without making sure that the government will benefit from this. However, many many family members belonging to the Sharifian al-Aji's lost their lives because of this but this is especially true once the Alawi-Freemason's were put in power starting with Hasan I, in From this day on one tried not only to eliminate the Seed of the Noble Sharifian bloodline but rather tried to annul its very existence throughout history!

In all of this the Swiss government played an active role. All this was handled by a Swiss, designated by the Swiss government and the Tribunal Fédéral in Lausanne. But always in accordance and at the satisfaction of the French and Spaniards. Aus dem Nachlass des Prof. For references on Dr. Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz, 4.

Band, Güttingen-Mailand, Neuenburg Imagine the amazement by which the Swiss government must have been struck with when suddenly realizing that as of October 3, , they had the Seed of the Noble Sharifian al-Aji descendant residing within their own territory, along with his Swiss wife and his father by adoption the Hon.

He, my husband, had no knowledge of his descent! At first the daily live and business was moving on very well. However, this changed when my father-in-law had a routine check-up with one of his old Swiss doctors Urologist. As my husband had accompanied him he BYB informed my husband right away that he had been given an injection by his doctor. Well, around 5 to 7 hours later my father-in-law was dead. This was also the last tim e my husband was permitted to see his father.

But this is only one of many mysterious circumstances which happened from this day on. They were directed against my husband 's life, our business, our children and etc. Finally, ostr acized and unprotected we found ourselves in midst of a holocaust which was instigated against us by above mentioned groups. They probably thought that through this we will resign due to despair and vanish without a trace.

Besides, today the Sharif is well aware of all the war crimes which were committed directly or indirectly by these Swiss groups against his forefathers and, which since August 22, continued in the form of political persecution against himself, his wife and children as well as against our business.

Today the time has come to announce the truth loudly throughout the world of what the Swiss government had done and still continues to do to this day towards the descendant of the Noble Sharifian living in Switzerland. Therefore, should there be a democratic country who genuinely believes in and respect international laws, equality, freedom and human right s - then this matter must be brought to justice.